Without natural checks, an exotic species can invade the native habitat, crowd out native plants, and reduce the diversity of foods available to birds and other wildlife. The entire compound leaf is at most 12 inches long, and each leaflet, glossy and dark green in color, is approximately 1 to 3 inches long. Also, the Rock Hill area is home to some very interesting plants and habitats, so it would be a shame to miss out on this one. Totten Center 3375. Japanese or Chinese wisterias are stunningly beautiful plants, but they do have limitations. It is grown for ornament in New England and infrequently escapes the cultivated setting. Plant Type: Woody Vine. For information on wisteria, contact Wing Haven Gardens and Bird Sanctuary, 248 Ridgewood Ave., Charlotte, NC 28209; call 704-331-0664; or visit www.winghavengardens.org. It is not as flamboyantly showy as the Chinese invader, but it performs the same functions â covering arbors, for example, just as beautifully with similar flower clusters. It is native to the wet forests and stream banks of the southeastern United States , with a range stretching from the states of Virginia to Texas (Northeast Texas Piney Woods) and extending southeast through Florida , also north to Iowa , Michigan , and â¦ When choosing a plant, Asian wisteria are more aggressive growers than the North American variety. Wisteria blooms are highly fragrant and come in a variety of colors ranging from pink to purple to white. NC Invasive Plants. Unlike Chinese wisteria, American wisteria may bloom sporadically through the … Habitat. The violet-blue flowers of American Wisteria are bunched together in 3-to-4 inch cones held up and away from the foliage. Durham, NC 9/11/08. c/o North Carolina Botanical Garden. It is typically found in moist thickets, swampy woods, pond peripheries and stream borders and is native from Virginia to Illinois south to Florida and Texas. Unlike Chinese wisteria, American wisteria may bloom sporadically through the summer if conditions are favorable. Plant Family: Fabaceae (Legume Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. It is native primarily to moist thickets, swampy woods, pond peripheries and stream borders from Virginia to Illinois south to Florida and Texas. Species Epithet: frutescens. Use this list to identify the invasive, exotic plants in your landscape. The Chinese wisteria was brought to the United States for horticultural purposes in 1816, while the Japanese wisteria was introduced around 1830. Plant Type: Woody Vine. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/vine/wisspp/all.html North American Native Plants RESERVE YOUR FREE SPRING 2021 CATALOG . These characteristics make them ideal plants for gazebos, walls, porches and gardens. The American wisteria grows in a multiple-stem form, and it climbs by “twining,” rather than using root hairs or tendrils like other vines. When you think of wisteria, you probably think of these types, draping their foot-long blossoms from high tree branches and growing wild along the highways. All Fields Plant Details Search; All Fields Plant Images Search; Native Plants Gallery Sampler; Browse All Pictures! A perennial climbing vine that loses its leaves in winter, the American wisteria has compound leaves with five to 19 leaflets. When at all possible, these plants should be removed from the landscape and replaced with native plants. American wisteria vines are native throughout the Southeastern United States, from central Florida to eastern Texas and north to southeastern Virginia. The flowers bloom after the leaves have expanded ( Swearingen et al., 2010 ). Red maple (Acer rubrum), flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), and butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) are examples of the over 3,900 species of plants the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) PLANTS Database lists as native to North Carolina.These plants developed and adapted to local … Multiple, depending on variety: China, Japan, America, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). They are also the same characteristics that enable them to invade quickly and densely in our forests. Some gardeners donât like the fact that they lose their leaves in winter, and they donât really suit planting schemes featuring Australian natives. Life Cycle: Perennial. Identification: Chinese and Japanese Wisteria are deciduous climbing woody vines that may reach 70 feet in length. 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