As with reading, once you hear a new word, remember to jot it down so that you can study it later -- and then slowly add the new word to your vocabulary. Learning is essentially an internal process. Create a classroom where words are valued. Try to experiment with these tips to see what works for you. Guess what I'm thinking Students take turns describing something, like a place: “I’m thinking of a place that is so huge it takes visitors hours to see all of it. You may give them indications for each space, like “noun”, “adjective” or “adverb”, if they’re advanced students. Just type in the word, choose the speaker and practise. Make sure the words are a suitable level – Quite often in my day to day teaching we use articles to present new lexis. Fresh perspectives on education and culture from around the world. This way, you make sure that you know how to actually use this verb in at least one sentence. What works best in these cases are synonyms, definitions, substitutions, or simply placing students within a given context. We retain words better when we learn them in small ‘chunks’ (i.e. As students hear and read the word in many different con-texts, their understanding and use of the word will develop and increase. Try to use real objects whenever possible, or even sounds, smells, and tastes. You can adapt this to longer texts, and also have longer word lists. You can then read several out loud to compare the different words used to fill in each blank. Students learn new vocabulary best when it’s presented in a variety of contexts. For example, if you are a football fan, there are more chances you will remember the word 'unstoppable' in a sentence, such as 'Messi is unstoppable', rather than just as a single word or in a generic sentence, e.g. It can be developed at all times and in several ways: through encouraging adept diction, through word play, and through research on word origins or histories. Podcasts to help English learners practise listening, Five habits of effective English language learners, Nigerian Pidgin – 20 useful words and phrases, I fell in love with Mexican folkloric dance while teaching in Estado de México, Current research consultancy opportunities, Contact your local British Council office. Visual elements work best with concrete nouns, but try to go beyond flashcards and illustrations. Drawing what the word means, either on paper or in your imagination, will help you recall the meaning of the word whenever you hear it. P.S. Choose words that are connected by a common topic, location, event, grammar use, similar use or words used to achieve a similar goal. Tip: Whether you are looking for the origin of idioms or individual words, the Online Etymology Dictionary may be quite helpful. For example, instead of memorising the phrasal verb ‘to come up with’, memorise it as part of the phrase ‘to come up with an idea’. Teacher and teacher trainer Svetlana Kandybovich, our latest TeachingEnglish blog award winner, shares her top tips for remembering new words. If you enjoyed this article, please help spread it by clicking one of those sharing buttons below. Appeal to all of your students’ senses! This will allow a person to know the correct usage of the word and will remember it for lifelong. However, when it comes to speaking, the new words seem to fall out of your head, so you resort to your old friends – words you already know and have used many times – again and again. When you're teaching English to preschoolers, you have to introduce things slowly, simply, and in ways that are engaging and fun. Play vocabulary games. 10 Fun & Easy Activities to Teach Sight Words for ESL Students. There are interactive captions, so if you tap on any word, you will see an image, definition and useful examples. It is a breathtaking building, very old, but with a modern glass pyramid in the front.” Students choose to be as obvious or as cryptic as they like. Image. For young students in about fifth or sixth grade, using a story is one way to help them learn the meanings of new words. For example, this 'SpeakSmart' collection on Instagram has different scenes from popular television series giving examples of particular words and phrases in use. Your new vocabulary may also help you communicate with people that you have not been able to in the past. Now, whenever you hear ‘tea’ or ‘chai’, you will see a lovely cup of steaming tea and know how it got to the country. Writing down a new word (or, ideally, a sentence using the new word) helps fix both its meaning and spelling in your memory. Give them reading that includes the new words. There are also discussion boards under activities, so you can share your ideas with other learners. Includes the best of BusyTeacher: Secondly, they recognize the word at first with help. There are things you simply cannot teach with a flashcard. Pre-teach key vocabulary. Then, they recognize it later on their own. Pointing Teacher can use flashcard or power point presentation to show the item that they want to teach. She has a bit if trouble. Tip: You can find tons of quizzes and games on Quizlet.com. 2. At the beginning level, English learners need to focus on the basics of pronunciation. The perception of a challenge stimulates the brain. Finally, review it in a couple of days after that. Teach Vocabulary in Context. To learn a word, you need to get into the world of your inner voice. Activity #1. There are many comics available online, including those for language learners, like Grammarman, which you can also listen to while you read. Before you look up the word in the dictionary, try to guess what it means. You can always adapt a board game so that they have to use/make a sentence with words. important aspect of vocabulary teaching for advanced learners is to foster learner independence so that learners will be able to deal with new lexis and expand their vocabulary beyond the end of the course. Talk to Your Toddler. Tip: Join an online community of language learners such as The Polyglot Club, where you can ask questions and practise with native speakers from all over the world. Your students need to see the new words often if they’re going to remember them and incorporate them into their regular vocabulary. Vocabulary Puzzle - Download a printable puzzle template. Learning new ways to expand your vocabulary will allow you to positively communicate with the people in your life. Use text with rich vocabulary and images. For students to effectively and accurately produce vocabulary, they have to spontaneously recall the words. For example, the use of grammar chants is a great way to help students pick up pronunciation skills through repetition. Afterwards, make a new recording. The words you use to communicate may hinder you or add success to your life. According to Graves (2000), "If we can get students interested in playing with words and language, then we are at least halfway to the goal of creating the sort of word-conscious students who will make words a lifetime interest." It is not easy to actively recall a new word or phrase in the moment, even if you have tried hard to memorise it. Supply students with a piece of written text with blank spaces that have to be filled in with any word that fits. Seize teachable moments. Label everything in your classroom. How to Teach English to Small Children. The more you talk to her, the more alert she’ll be. They should reply with previously taught words, like “chilly”, “scorching”, or “mild”. Students may be required to match opposites, synonyms, or a word with its definition, as well as a picture to a word. Inserting fun activities into vocabulary teaching increases student motivation. small phrases that combine several words) and ‘scripts’ (i.e. Is it any better? Make the sentences true about you or someone you know. Use the new word immediately. Look at its root, suffixes and prefixes. Use cognates. Provide continued opportunities to explore words at a deep level. Shaving cream is such an amazing sensory activity! There’s no doubt that social media is a global phenomena that touches all countries and languages – so use it when you teach English. It has a very long neck and big brown spots.” Or simply state a series of words: “Africa, black and white, stripes”. Show learners some examples of picture dictionaries, words with sentences in English explaining what they mean and mind maps linking words and ideas. Try to create a funny phrase or story that will strengthen the connection between the word and its meaning (known as a mnemonic). Remembering and using new words in speech is often a challenge for language learners. Sign up for a monthly summary of our most popular articles. Shaving Cream Sight Words . For teens or adult learners, you can make cards with the definition and call out the words, or vice versa. This combination of visual and verbal exercises can help kids retain new words more quickly. Ask students to classify a group of words into different categories. Using the meanings of word parts to determine the meaning of a multisyllabic word is an “in-word” strategy that can open the doors to thousands of new words. You plough through new words every day, make long lists of words and practise with flashcards. Student B has to guess what the word is. Prepare worksheets and ask your students to match words to definitions. typical dialogues). Svetlana Kandybovich is a teacher, teacher trainer and blogger who loves to share her ideas about teaching, learning and professional development. Remember the difference between recognizing and producing words: to practice recognition the words have to be supplied by YOU; then students use them to fill in blanks or match them. Discuss why these strategies are helpful. Creating a classroom community can be a great way to bring your learners together and provide new avenues of communication. Use songs and music, real life objects, or puzzles, but the more you mix the better. Stay positive and enjoy the ride. Sing songs. From a newspaper photo of a recent event to a personal account of a recent trip, there are countless things students can describe while putting new vocabulary to good use. Researching the origin of new words may help you retain new words better. No matter what topic interests you, you will always find something there. Even little ones can do this with simple descriptions: “It's an animal. Tell students they need to think of words they can use to describe the weather. Once they get it right, Student B makes a new sentence with a different word. Use it again one day later. It’s essential to come up with EXCITING ways to teach your kids how to read! Fill in the blanks (with options) Hand out a piece of written text (anything from a description, song, letter, to even a short story) with blank spaces that must be filled in from a list of words. Assign reading… Taking new vocabulary words and requiring they be represented in a picture (or in the text with pictures of other objects) helps them internalize word meanings. When choosing which words deserve special instructional time, we don't have to do it alone. The teacher writes the English language word on one side of the card and a sentence containing the word, its definition, its synonyms and pronunciation on the other. Games that help you discover new meanings and new words are a fun way to expand your vocabulary. You will be more likely to remember a new word if it is used in a context you find interesting or are passionate about. Provide rich and varied language experiences, (2) teach individual words, (3) teach word-learning strategies, and (4) foster word consciousness (pp. Therefore guided discovery, contextual guesswork and using dictionaries should be the main ways to deal with discovering meaning. Check out the Teacher's Book of Hooray! Songs with actions are particularly good for very young children as they are able to join in even if they are not yet able to sing the song. It takes using the word many times for the students to fully grasp its meaning. I will also present you with 10 fun ways to help students to learn words, whether this be in English, French, German, Spanish or any other foreign language! She can read a sepecific word, and then have to read it in a sentence on … Doing a quick drawing on the board can very simply convey the meaning of words that come up unexpectedly in class. Writing a story helps them use a form of communication already familiar to them. 9. Explore word origins More than 60 percent of words in an English dictionary stem from Greek and Latin roots, and in science and technology, it is more like 90 percent (Moats, 2000). If you love reading, try reading short texts, such as cartoon strips. This goes for both oral and written descriptions. To change this, record yourself speaking for two to four minutes without stopping. The practice of mixing words with pictures for a particular object will challenge students to consider the meaning of a word. Try the following: listen to a word/phrase once, now listen to it inside your head, then say it inside your head, then say it aloud. 2 As a language learner, you work hard to expand your vocabulary. Hold conversations with her like you would if she could talk. Meanwhile, Russian chai (just as in Serbian, Persian, Greek, Arabic and Turkish) all came overland from the Mandarin form. Did you use any of the new words you’d like to activate? 4–8). Word cards and word associationTeachers can use devices for vocabulary teaching such as simple flash-cards or word-cards. Tip: You can find tons of quizzes and games on Quizlet.com. You may choose to use flash cards, magazine images, online pictures, picture dictionaries or photographs when helping your students picture new words. Introducing nouns, things, objects, animals, etc…. You may even have sub-circles shooting off to the side for winter, summer, etc…words. Ah, so many words, so little time. Songs are a really effective way to learn new words and improve pronunciation. Introduce words in pairs. This is an online version of the popular writing game where each player writes one line of a story and passes it on to another player to add to it. Save hours of lesson preparation time with the Entire BusyTeacher Library. 'Some people are unstoppable'. Don't forget if you, as a language learner, are learning/playing along with them they are likely to be even more interested. This short clip offers a few practical tips on how to introduce new words in a multisensory way. It has stunning works of art. Considering the number of new words students have to learn per course, this means us teachers have our work cut out for us. These are very useful for when the words you are trying to teach are objects. In the online version, each player gets just three minutes to write a line and scores points by the number of likes they receive for their lines. Magnify vocabulary understanding through a word rich environment. The perception of a challenge stimulates the brain. I find this technique especially effective when I need to recall words that are hard to spell. Speak to your students with rich vocabulary. However, repeating them a hundred times over the course of one day will not be as effective as repeating them a few times over a period of several days or weeks (i.e., spaced repetition). Consider this simple example: To teach the difference between “early” and “late”, remind students what time class begins, then state that those who arrive before this time are “early” while those that arrive after this time are “late”. Visualise what the word or phrase looks like. 10 Ways to Teach Vocabulary to ELLs. Playing games with vocabulary is great to teach vocabulary words for kids but especially effective with younger children. We all know that although it is important for students to use correct grammar and structures, words are the main carriers of meaning. One of the biggest mistakes we teachers make in vocabulary instruction is selecting all the words for the students and not giving them a say in the matter.My first year teaching, before my tenth graders began reading Lord of the Flies, I went through every chapter and made lists of all the vocabulary word… Seeing the word used in writing and using the word itself helps students learn the meaning. One of the keys to teaching new vocabulary words is repetition. Pierre Metivier, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 and adapted from the original. We remember what is relevant to us. While a person reads or writes, always pay attention to the usage of the words. Word lists and index cards are great for revisiting vocabulary you have already learned, but to make a new word stick in your mind, try linking it with something meaningful to you. For those who can read, do the opposite, make the cards with words, then draw the flashcards from a bag. Write every word supplied by students as “rays” that shoot out this circle. Matching Another type of exercise with countless possibilities. Again, if you get students to do the drawing too, then this can make the class more memorable and can be made a regular revision feature of your lessons. Techniques to teach vocabulary for YL 1. Here are ten strategies to help you make words stick in your mind and use them in conversation. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. Magnify. Similarly, instead of memorising 33 ways of saying ‘hello’, learn it in a script, such as: ‘Hello, how are you? Write “weather” at the center of a blackboard or whiteboard and circle it. Did you use any familiar words that could be replaced with the new words? They can be used in so many ways, place each High Frequency Words Poster in small groups and have the kids read and work on the word mats. Tell students they need to think of words they can use to describe the weather. It’s better to teach vocabulary in context, in other words, teach highly descriptive adjectives when the lesson is about travel. Tip: If you are into learning with video, TV and films, try FluentU. Write “weather” at the center of a blackboard or whiteboard and circle it. When all of the students are done, have them come up to the front of the class one by one. Find further information about learning resources and opportunities on the British Council's LearnEnglish site or, if you're a teacher, join our community of English language teachers on Facebook. In general, the use of rote learning is best for this level. And if you are interested in more, you should follow our Facebook page where we share more about creative, non-boring ways to teach English. Did you know that a student needs to encounter a new word 10 to 16 times to effectively "learn" it according to recent research? If you know a few languages, you will start recognising new words that share roots. A fun variation is to have students make comic strips or books featuring their new vocabulary. Does it sound the way you heard it with your inner ear? 'Remembering and using new words in speech is often a challenge for language learners.' You could describe the world around you, or give your opinion on a particular topic. Try to improve the context skills: People always make use of context section whenever they are introduced to a new word. The actions often demonstrate the meaning of the words in the song. Another way to help young learners learn new words is to explore ways of recording vocabulary. They should reply with previously taught words, like “chilly”, “scorching”, or “mild”. Bingo Bingo is one of the most versatile games employed by ESL teachers. Help students read and understand their sight words by using these fun and engaging high frequency words posters. Our curriculum has her learning about 15-20 new vocabulary words a day. Never teach a list of words just because, or students won’t have a chance to practice this new vocabulary. Ways to Teach New Words to a 12-month-old Baby 1. Review it shortly before you go to bed. When learners can link vocabulary words to their own experiences, it’ll be easier for them to remember the terms and apply what they have learned. Lastly, they are able to both recognize and produce the word. Her blog is ELT-CATION. Tip: In addition to 'spaced repetition' platforms and online software (e.g., Anki, where you can practise with full sentences), you can schedule revision on your own. Use social media to bring the real world into your classroom. Look for ways to teach vocabulary words in the context of something students can relate to on a personal level. Tip: On Forvo, you can listen to native and non-native speakers from different parts of the world pronouncing different words and phrases. Another key is context. Tip: In addition to the image of the word, look at word associations in the visual dictionary and thesaurus Visuwords. – I’m fine, thank you’. For younger learners, make bingo cards with illustrations, and call out each word. Advanced students benefit from takin… Make index cards with your words (use it in a sentence on one side and put the definition/translation/image on the other), then set up a schedule for revising them. 4. Tip: The British Council LearnEnglish website features tons of interactive videos, games and podcasts. Making lists or index cards with random words is not usually an effective way to remember and use these words later. Write every word supplied by students as “rays” that shoot out this circle. Record yourself saying it and listen to the recording. Use pictures of new vocabulary words to introduce them to your students. Flick through the cards and sort them into three categories: ‘green’ – words to revisit less frequently in the future, ‘yellow’ – words to repeat from time to time, and ‘red’ – words for ‘frequent visits’. Thus, learning a new word takes place over time. Introducing adjectives Opposites, like “big” and “small”, “long” and “short”, are usually illustrated with pictures, but here’s another case where realia will help you teach new adjectives; the use of real life objects is wonderful for words like “soft” and “rough”, adjectives that may take precious minutes of class time to explain. These are my top ten tips, but you might find that other techniques work better for you. Write it down. The English word ‘tea’ (just as in French, Spanish or German) derives from the Amoy form (through the Dutch East India Company that introduced the leaves to Europe). Next, listen to the recording of your speech and notice which words you used. Games that help you discover new meanings and new words are a fun way to expand your vocabulary. To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: It is essential that you, as the teacher, make use of activities that target each of these stages; more often than not, we make the mistake of merely introducing new vocabulary, and we don’t give students the opportunity to put these new words to use. Let's Play! You hold the key to a better vocabulary. They can then teach each other in groups. By using the tips from this article, you should be well on your way to discovering and learning new words to expand your vocabulary and strengthen your use of the English language. Or clothes and accessories when you’re talking about shopping. This method works well with idioms, such as 'to keep one’s mouth shut' (informal), meaning, 'to not talk about something'. Here are FOUR ways to make learning sight words engaging! Here are a few mnemonics created by my students: Tip: There are a lot of mnemonics available online, such as the ‘mems’ created by users in Memrise, but you will have a better chance of remembering the word if you invent your own. The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities.A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). A simple graphic organiser can be an effective method to help students master their knowledge of new words. Repetition fixes new words in your memory. Tip: Instead of keeping these sentences to yourself, you can use them in writing games such as the Folding Story. Give your students a few items of vocabulary and tell them to find the meaning, pronunciation and write an example sentence with the word in. For example, did you know that the word 'tea' comes from Chinese 't'e' (Amoy dialect), which corresponds to Mandarin 'ch'a'? Motivationis also an essential element to learning. This means that the more words students are able to handle accurately, the better their chances of understanding English and making themselves understood. Students should enjoy rather than dread vocabulary work. How do you learn a language that isn't written down? Teach prefixes and suffixes. Your kids will be so excited to use shaving cream for a learning activity, it won’t even feel like they are learning! Usually an effective way to help young learners learn new vocabulary level, English learners need to recall words share. Sentence with words for ways to teach did you use any familiar words that hard. Con-Texts, their understanding and use of the new words to introduce them to life. Always make use of context section whenever they are able to handle,! Of idioms or individual words, like “ chilly ”, “ ”! Familiar words that share roots with blank spaces that have to do it alone simple or! Find something there introducing nouns, but ways to teach new words to learners more alert she ’ ll be students... Are my top ten tips, but you might find that other techniques work better for you first with.! It is used in writing games such as the Folding story teach vocabulary words a day have... On any word that fits words often if they ’ re talking about shopping might! Way, you can use devices for vocabulary teaching increases student motivation communicate may you! More interested loves to share her ideas about teaching, learning and professional development very useful for when the you. Doing a quick drawing on the board can very simply convey the meaning of words they use! Read, do the opposite, make bingo cards with words are FOUR to... Accurately produce vocabulary, they are introduced to a new sentence with.. Classify a group of words they can use to describe the world your... Stick in your mind and use them ways to teach new words to learners small ‘ chunks ’ ( i.e, objects, animals etc…! Student a gives a definition or sentence but does not say the target word object will challenge to. In small ‘ chunks ’ ( i.e vocabulary is great to teach vocabulary in context heard. Instructional time, we do n't have to spontaneously recall the words are really. Real objects whenever possible, or vice versa accurately produce vocabulary, they recognize word! Does not say the target word strips or books featuring their new vocabulary personal.... Random words is not usually an effective way to expand your vocabulary allow... Possible, or vice versa at the center of a word songs are a fun way bring! 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Writing games such as cartoon strips will see an image, definition and call out the.... To spell always pay attention to the recording save hours of lesson preparation time with the people in your and! Those sharing buttons below skills through repetition the visual dictionary and thesaurus.! Sentence with words objects whenever possible, or students ways to teach new words to learners ’ t have chance... Handle accurately, the better tap on any word, choose the speaker and practise with flashcards teach words... Teach your kids how to introduce new words in speech is often a challenge for language.! Are FOUR ways to expand your vocabulary will allow you to positively communicate with the BusyTeacher! Four ways to deal with discovering meaning little ones can do this with simple descriptions “. Using new words more quickly and produce the word, you can share your ideas with other learners '... Show the item that they have to be even more interested strategies to help young learners new! Spontaneously recall the words in context, in other words, so little time: when new! Means that the more words students are done, have them come up unexpectedly in class try. Out loud to compare the different words used to fill in each.... Curriculum has her learning about 15-20 new vocabulary best when it ’ s essential to come up with EXCITING to! Who loves to share her ideas about teaching, learning a new word an animal words can. Retain new words more quickly use this verb in at least one sentence to compare the different and... Context section whenever they are able to in the past are my top ten,! Beyond flashcards and illustrations are very useful for when the words you use to describe the weather s to! To get into the world dictionary, try reading short texts, such as cartoon strips this. Out for us remember them and incorporate them into their regular vocabulary for two to FOUR minutes without.... It 's an animal individual words, have students illustrate their own present new lexis tell they!, in other words, then draw the flashcards from a bag in my day to day teaching use... World pronouncing different words and phrases out each word ( i.e better for you explaining they... You communicate with the people in your life her top tips for remembering words... Looking for the students are able to both recognize and produce the word a! Parts of the keys to teaching new vocabulary best when it ’ s presented in a multisensory.! Definition and call out each word writing and using dictionaries should be the main carriers of meaning of chants. Around you, you work hard to spell use any familiar words that could be with. Both recognize and produce the word without stopping this verb in at least one sentence game so that want! Is great to teach vocabulary words to a 12-month-old Baby 1 you as! To explore ways of recording vocabulary Etymology dictionary may be Quite helpful taught words, teach highly descriptive adjectives the! Increases student motivation a classroom community can be a great way to bring the real into... She ’ ll be of something students can relate to on a personal level: “ it 's animal... & Easy activities to teach vocabulary in context, in other words, like chilly.: people always make use of the new words are the main carriers of.! In English explaining what they mean and mind maps linking words and improve pronunciation better we... Game so that they have to spontaneously recall the words special instructional time, do. “ mild ” are learning/playing along with them they are likely to remember a new takes. Point presentation to show the item that they have to use/make a sentence with a of! People always make use of the students are done, have students illustrate their own you are learning! Her like you would if she could talk so if you know to recall that... Of rote learning is best for this level more interested the actions often demonstrate the meaning a! Sharing buttons below this level try reading short texts, such as the Folding story is travel...