In Leninakan there was a need for 18 new hospitals, 12 of which could be funded with the assistance of the republics of the Soviet Union, but foreign help would be required to build six additional facilities. . The message reads: “Dear residents of Gyumri, Spitak, Vanadzor and Stepanavan, Dear compatriots, Today is the day of remembering the victims of the 1988 earthquake. The earthquake hit Armenia's Spitak on December 7th 1988. Bush in New York on the day of the earthquake. mayrik (earthquake in Armenia) Erline Marlowe. Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 0 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 0 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 30 earthquakes in the past 365 days The Soviet's grid plan road scheme was found to not take into account the hillside at the new city's location, and the American's plan included finer details of how commercial centers and government facilities were grouped together in an open and communal style. This is not your typical Hollywood movie full of special effects with a thin story. 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake. Aznavour, together with Armenian-French composer Georges Garvarentz, formed a foundation called "Aznavour for Armenia" and composed the song as a call for help for the Armenians. It took six weeks from the creation of the song to completion of the disc and with almost two million copies sold, the foundation was able to build 47 schools and three orphanages for the victims of the disaster. Chrysler chairman Lee Iacocca arranged for a fund drive, and in Chicago (one of five major Armenian population centers in the US) the community raised $800,000 and donated 20,000 pounds of supplies. The mainshock produced surface rupture and propagated to the west with a separate strike-slip sub-event occurring two seconds later that propagated to the southeast. At the Yerevan airport, western pilots reported a breakdown in air traffic control communications, with flight controllers not delivering the necessary flight navigation instructions, allowing for a critical lack of separation as foreign planes made their way into the area. The relief effort is slow and chaotic. Though the recurrence of seismic events in Armenia does not reach the high frequency that is seen in other segments of this zone, rapid crustal deformation there is associated with active thrust faulting and volcanic activity.  Japan sent a monetary gift of $9 million while Italy had plans to build a prefabricated village for the victims, and West Germany offered to send more than a dozen heavy cranes. , Three locations between Spitak and Nalband (to the west) that were within several kilometers of the fault were examined for ground disturbances and each site was scrutinized for the effects of liquefaction. Reviewed in the United States on December 13, 2020. The team then set out to determine an accurate velocity model using data from the more accurate telemetry network. In pictures: 25th anniversary of Armenian earthquake, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=1988_Armenian_earthquake&oldid=3409978, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. A director, a doctor, a rescuer - stories of three people who survived the terrible earthquake in Armenia in 1988 and rebuilt their lives. Azerbaijan Celebrated 1988 Earthquake That Leveled Armenia’s Yerevan — Russian General’s Testimony Man's descent into bug, 1988-style . 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. December 7, 2020, 09:09 Today marks 32nd anniversary since 1988 earthquake in Armenia. The earthquake's effects were assessed at ten on that seismic scale. But the film does stress the way good people helped each other in the shattered city, and the scenes of rescue pouring in from Russia, Georgia, Tajikistan, and elsewhere are not only a thread to cling to. It referred to reports last week that 17 people had been found alive 25 days after the disaster in the town of Spitak, which was flattened by the Dec. 7 earthquake. I was in Leninakan in 1982, when Armenia was still the "sunny outdoor museum of the USSR", a place of good food, ancient culture, a creative people risen from the ashes of the 1915 Genocide. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, … In certain situations gravelly sands may liquefy in similar fashion as saturated sands.  It was reopened in 1995 amid criticism of lack of training, political instability in the Caucasus region, and accusations that the plant was of inadequate design. This may be explained by a 300–400 m (980–1,310 ft) sedimentary layer that is present beneath the city. Both Leninakan and Kirovakan were roughly equidistant from the shock, yet Leninakan had greater damage. Takes a bit to get used to the english voice dubbing, but you get so wrapped in the story that you forget about it. Gorbachev, in a TV interview several weeks after his expedited return from New York City, said that the concrete blocks had been built with more than enough sand but too little concrete, and suggested that the concrete had been stolen. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. Yuri S. Mkhitarian, an Armenian State Building Committee official, gave an updated damage report that included some of the outlying communities away from the population centers stating that 342 villages were damaged and another 58 were destroyed. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Reviewed in the United States on December 14, 2020. Epilepsy in Armenia: Report on a Teaching Course in Yerevan Armenia is a small country in the South Caucasus that had suffered a severe earthquake in 1988 and an economic collapse after the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. Areas to the southwest of Armenia, such as the northeastern Mediterranean coast, Turkey and Iran, are quite seismically active: More than four quakes with magnitudes greater than six have struck Turkey in the 20th century alone. 8:25. The cities of Spitak, Leninakan (Gyumri), and Kirovakan (Vanadzor) were greatly affected with large losses of life and devastating effects to buildings and other structures. A major earthquake devastated the Armenian Republic of the Soviet Union on December 7, 1988, resulting in thousands of deaths and injuries. On the day of the quake, two men arrive in their home town only to be caught up in the terrible events and must work together to rescue as … The relationship between the Soviet authorities and the Armenian society took a turn for the worse in March and the developments climaxed in November when a state of emergency was declared, along with a nighttime curfew, and a mass movement of up to 50,000 Armenians fleeing ethnic violence arrived from Azerbaijan. Up next Armenien: 25 Jahre nach dem Erdbeben in Spitak - Duration: 6:05. The first site was on the highway that linked the three most damaged cities and was adjacent to a tributary of the Pambak river where the water table was close to the surface. The Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, around 75 kilometers (47 mi) from the epicenter, experienced only minor shaking and no damage occurred there, but was eventually closed for a period of six years due to vulnerability concerns. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. In order to prevent kidney failure or death, the treatment requires prompt hospitalization, and according to the doctor, the victims were not receiving adequate medication and dialysis and, as a result, most died before the arrival of the first foreign dialysis machines were accessible. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute's team compared building damage in each city and observed similar results when comparing stone buildings four stories or less in height, but for taller frame-stone buildings, 62% were destroyed at Leninakan while only 23% collapsed at Kirovakan. The background music was beautiful too. The highway's embankment failed, and though the site was repaired immediately, the resulting damage to the highway caused considerable delay in getting people and supplies into and out of the area following the disaster. Armenia's Acting Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan attends memorial events commemorating the 30th anniversary of the 1988 earthquake in the city of Gyumri; on December 7, 1988, an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the northwestern Armenia devastating the town of Spitak and severely damaging Armenia's second largest city of Leninakan (now Gyumri). Then-Armenian Assembly Board Chairman Hirair Hovnanian leading a delegation bringing humanitarian relief to Armenia after the 1988 earthquake WASHINGTON, D.C. – On the 30th Anniversary of the Spitak Earthquake, the Armenian Assembly of America (Assembly) remembers the thousands of lives lost and villages destroyed after a massive earthquake, registering 6.9 on the Richter Scale, struck… I like some low budget movies but the acting and scenes in this movie was laughable. Over 40,000 lives were lost. Armenian Earthquake Memorial at the Red Cross Bldg in Washington, D.C. We need foreign assistance--and there is no doubt about that--but our friends do not know the local conditions and propose things that cannot or should not be built in an earthquake-prone region. Autoplay When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play next. Very moving. They remind us that love, self-sacrifice, compassion, and forgiveness are literally our only hope. The cost of rebuilding would be a severe obstacle for Perestroika, Gorbachev's plan for economic restructuring. This is a massive undertaking, and foreign involvement is both a necessary and a complicating factor. They sustained themselves on the food supplies — fruit salad, pickles, and smoked ham — that were available in the basement for 35 days before their rescue in January. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, Kalinino, Stepanavan were fully or … Other officials decided that the town would be relocated several miles to the southwest. , From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Severely damaged masonry buildings in Spitak, A French search and rescue worker searches for buried people with the aid of a detection dog, Mikhail Gorbachev with Ronald Reagan and George H.W. The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes … A song was produced by a duo of French composers (including Charles Aznavour) and a studio album that featured songs donated by mainstream rock bands was released from the Rock Aid Armenia effort by the British music industry. Health minister Yevgeniy Chazov urged the creation of a governmental body to assist with disaster management. Select the department you want to search in. The flight also carried Robert Seiple (president of World Vision) and a UCLA doctor who had worked in the aftermath of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. Thirty years ago this month, on Dec. 7, 1988, a magnitude-6.8 earthquake shook the northern region of the then-Soviet republic of Armenia. A total of 189 such individuals were identified through neighbourhood polyclinics in the city of Leninakan and 159 noninjured controls were selected from the same neighbourhoods. The moment of silence was held at the suggestion of Edmon Marukyan, the leader of the opposition Bright Armenia party. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. A group of French recording artists and actors came together with the French writer and composer Charles Aznavour to record the 1989 song "Pour toi Arménie" (For you Armenia). Uneven distribution of the seismic energy may have also contributed to the fluctuation in damage. The committee was arrested by Soviet authorities on 11 December 1988 on charges of obstructing … STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian … 2:19 [Deleted video] ԿԱՅԱՑՈՒՄ by HaykFilms. On the east end the events were shallow while the western side, where the majority of the larger aftershocks were concentrated, the hypocenters were up to 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) deep. On December 7th 1988 Armenia was hit by a massive earthquake that claimed the lives of 25, 000 people and destroyed several cities. Six friends were in the basement of a nine-story building relocating barrels when it came down around them on December 7. Activity in the ar… This is a true event that happened. This is an incomplete list of earthquakes in Armenia. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. Half of those funds were from World Vision International, a California-based relief and development umbrella organization, and the other half were his own personal donation. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. The daily newspaper Sotsialisticheskaya Industriya noted that there were families living out in the open even while there were an abundance of tents available. According to the book, Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, the man answered: “What do my hands matter, everything I cherish is under there – my son, my daughter, my wife and my mother.” Economic and social collapse followed: the first Karabagh war with Azerbaijan killed about 30,000 people, and millions of Armenians and Azeris became impoverished and homeless refugees and emigrants in the years of chaos. On 7 December 1988 an earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless. ", The Soviets and an American group of architects each devised separate outlines for rebuilding the town of Spitak. YEREVAN, DECEMBER 7, ARMENPRESS. This is an excellent movie. The unrest and the opposition movement began in September 1988 with negotiations between the Karabakh Committee and Gorbachev taking place throughout most of 1989. Find the perfect earthquake in armenia 1988 stock photo. Sometimes a foreign film can be hard if you do not understand the culture in which the movie takes place. Download this stock image: Earthquake in Armenia, 1988 - BPPBWG from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Horrible acting. , The instrumentation included ten smoked paper analog seismometers that were configured to allow for 48 hours of continuous single-component data recording.  During the earthquake, the northeast-facing side of the Spitak section rode up and over the southwest-facing side. image caption On 7 December 1988 a devastating earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless in the Soviet republic. (File) According to official data, tens of thousands of people were killed by the earthquake. STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian SSR were shocked by a devastating earthquake, which was named after the epicenter as the Spitak earthquake. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. A number of the smaller outlying villages away from the larger population centers were also severely affected. Reviewed in the United States on December 11, 2020. 1988 December - Earthquake in northern Armenia kills 25,000 and leaves hundreds of thousands homeless. Within a matter of seconds, the second and third largest cities of Gyumri and Vanadzor (Leninakan and Kirovakan at the time), the town of Spitak and settlements in the Akhuryan, … Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, …  Rock Aid Armenia, also known in earlier stages as Live Aid Armenia, was a humanitarian effort by the British music industry to raise money to help those affected by the earthquake. The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes and is part of a larger active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps to the Himalayas. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Reviewed in the United States on November 25, 2020. For me a movie is about going on a journey with the characters, and this was the reason for 5 stars. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake. For many years following World War II the Soviets practiced a methodical top-down approach to urban planning and building, constructing a large number of uniformly built row style apartment units, and the Soviets plan for rebuilding Spitak did not diverge from that approach. The Biggest Earthquakes in Armenia - Page 5. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. Editor’s note: Aleksandr Lebed was a legendary Russian soldier and general who at one point in the 1990s looked like a shoe-in to unseat Yeltsin. Activity in the area is associated with tectonic plate boundary interaction and the source of the event was a slip of a thrust fault just to the north of Spitak. Sign in to see videos available to you. The characters are compelling and complex. Most collapsed, killing two-thirds of the doctors, destroying equipment and medicine, and reducing the capacity to handle the critical medical needs in the region. 1988 Armenian earthquake is within the scope of WikiProject Armenia, an attempt to improve and better organize information in articles related or pertaining to Armenia and Armenians.If you would like to contribute or collaborate, you could edit the article attached to this page or visit the project page for further information. Following an invitation by the Soviets for a critique of their plan, the American's proposal was ultimately accepted as the way forward. In 1988 he was in Azerbaijan’s capital Baku, just as the news that an earthquake had leveled Armenia’s Yerevan hit. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. , The area where Armenia lies is of interest to seismologists and geologists because of the relatively early stage of continental collision occurring there and because the earthquake's strong aftershock sequence and significant surface faulting presented scientists with an environment to study reverse faulting. Much international aid was stolen, Kumayri and Spitak were never fully or safely rebuilt, and many damaged lives were not healed. Submitted 18 June 1998 by Debra < [email protected] > as a Father's Day offering In 1989 an 8.2 earthquake almost flattened Armenia, killing over 30,000 people in less than four minutes. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. The relief effort is slow and chaotic. It is very difficult to bear. , The French arrived in Armenia in the late evening on Friday, December 9 and relieved the exhausted Armenian workers who then returned to Yerevan. President of Armenia Armen Sarkissian has addressed a message on the 32nd anniversary of the 1988 earthquake, the Presidential Office told Armenpress. A second site that was close to the fault, also near the Pambak river and with similar soil deposits, did not experience liquefaction, though it would have experienced the same high peak ground accelerations as the failed highway embankment. Witness speaks to Anahit Karapetian who was trapped for hours under the rubble of her school. The total number of volunteer rescue personnel in Leninakan totalled 2,000, with teams from Austria, Canada, Switzerland, the United States and Yugoslavia.  That deluge of western aid was a byproduct of the disaster that may have had a positive effect on Soviet Union–United States relations. . Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. While on site during aftershock monitoring, the US research team verified the presence of soil amplification effects when pronounced difference in readings were observed when compared with nearby rock sites. Washington immediately responded with offers of doctors, medical equipment, and rescue teams, and by the first weekend the first US plane arrived in Yerevan with search and rescue teams and detection dogs. While foreign doctors did assist with the Chernobyl incident, the Soviet relief effort after the earthquake was augmented by the largest foreign cooperation since World War II. Since 1988 a close cooperation exists bet-ween the University Children’s Hospital Zurich and the Another adverse effect of the disaster was that the Armenians were already distrustful of Gorbachev's dismissal of their claims to the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, which the Armenians had been contesting with neighboring Azerbaijan. Numerous sand boils were seen in the region northwest of Spitak including within 15 meters (49 ft) of the failed embankment. The group, including a structural engineer who specialized in seismic-resistant designs, agreed that building inadequacies were the primary reason why the strong (but not huge) earthquake was so damaging, although the freezing temperatures also played a role in the unusually high death toll. Powerful tremors in nearly half a minute destroyed the whole northern part of Armenia, covering a … ARMENIAN EARTHQUAKE 07/12/1988 . , As of July 1989 about $500 million in donations had been delivered to the Armenians from 113 countries. 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